What is Islam

Islam is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a book considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Arabicالله‎ Allāh) and by the teachings and normative example (called the Sunnah and composed of hadith) of Muhammad (c. 570 CE – c. 8 June 632 CE), considered by them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim.

Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable  and the purpose of existence is to worship God. Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed before many times throughout the world, including notably through AdamNoahAbrahamMoses and Jesus, whom they consider prophets. They maintain that the previous messages and revelations have been partially misinterpreted or altered over time,[5] but consider the Arabic Qur'an to be both the unaltered and the final revelation of God. Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic concepts and obligatory acts ofworship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, providing guidance on multifarious topics frombanking and welfare, to warfare and the environment.

Most Muslims are of two denominationsSunni (75–90%)  or Shia (10–20%). About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim-majority country, 25% in South Asia, 20% in the Middle East, and 15% in Sub-saharan Africa. Sizable minorities are also found in EuropeChinaRussia, and the Americas. Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world (seeIslam by country). With about 1.6 billion followers or 23% of earth's population, Islam is the second-largest religion and the fastest-growing major religion in the world.

Courtesy : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam

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